|Mithras in the British Museum|
Here is a quiz for you to test your knowledge of the Roman SATURNALIA and its influence on modern Christmas.
1. During the Roman Empire, some celebrated the birth of which famous person on 25 December?
a) Julius Caesar
b) Mithras, the Persian god of light
c) Jesus Christ
2. Three days before 25 December, what event occurs?
a) Summer Solstice
b) Summer Equinox
c) Winter Solstice
d) Winter Equinox
3. The Romans gave gifts on the Saturnalia. Which of the following did they NOT give?
b) silver objects
c) preserved fruit
d) small clay or wooden figures
4. The mottoes and riddles in Christmas crackers might go back to the Roman practice of
a) hiring comic actors to deliver gifts
b) writing epigrams for Saturnalia gifts
c) Roman singing telegrams (in dactylic pentameter)
d) memorizing and reciting lines from Virgil's Aeneid as a Saturnalia party trick
5. Which ONE of the following Christmas customs did NOT orignate in the Saturnalia:
c) putting up lights
d) putting up greenery
e) Santa and his reindeer
f) giving gifts
g) taking time off work
6. In first century Rome, which illegal practice was permitted only during the Saturnalia?
7. The paper crown in British Christmas crackers reminds us of the Roman custom of:
a) choosing a 'King' of the Saturnalia
b) Caesar legalizing festivities
c) the Etruscan king Tarquin
d) It has nothing to do with any Roman custom
8. Santa's red conical hat might well be traced back to hats worn during Saturnalia by:
9. Here are some more Christmas customs which might go back to the Saturnalia. Which one is bogus?
a) mulled wine
b) Christmas stockings
c) singing songs
10. Which of the following foods was certainly NOT part of the Saturnalia feast?
a) hot chestnuts
b) honey-glazed ham
c) turkey and mashed potato
d) roast peacock
Answers: 1 = b; 2 = c; 3 = a; 4 = b; 5 = e; 6 = d; 7 = a; 8 = e; 9 = b; 10 = c
To find out more about the Saturnalia, check out my blog about A Roman Christmas!
And a fun kids' book set in first century Rome during the Saturnalia is The Twelve Tasks of Flavia Gemina in my Roman Mysteries series.